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Muslims believe that the chronologically final surahs of the Quran were revealed to Muhammad in Medina, and are called Medinan surahs in contrast to the earlier Meccan surahs. Today, Medina “Madinah” officially in Saudi documents , in addition to being the second most important Islamic pilgrimage destination after Mecca , is an important regional capital of the western Saudi Arabian province of Al Madinah. Before the battle started, Muhammad had given orders for the Muslims to attack with their ranged weapons, and only engage the Quraysh with melee weapons when they advanced. The graves of Fatimah Muhammad’s daughter and Hasan Muhammad’s grandson , across from the mosque at Jannat al-Baqi’ , and Abu Bakr first caliph and the father of Muhammad’s wife , Aisha , and of Umar ibn Al-Khattab , the second caliph, are also here. After the fragmentation of the caliphate, the city became subject to various rulers, including the Mamluks of Cairo in the 13th century and finally, in , the Ottoman Empire.

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City in Al Madinah, Saudi Arabia. OEMA located about 15 kilometres 9. Trade and Empire in Muscat and Zanzibar: The names are sorted alphabetically. Medinan suras are typically longer than their Mecca counterparts. Scarecrow Press — via Google Books.

Medina’s importance as a religious site derives from the presence of makia an-Nabawi. However, the Meccans did not capitalise on their advantage by invading Medina and returned to Mecca.

This was in breach of the Constitution of Medina and after the Meccan withdrawal, Muhammad immediately marched against the Qurayza and laid siege to their strongholds.


Historically, Medina is known for growing dates.

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Two Muslims and an unknown number of Quraysh jadina killed. Jeddah Regional Climate Center. It was mentioned in several references and sources. Retrieved 14 April From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. As with most cities in Saudi Arabia, Islam is the religion adhered by the majority of the population of Medina.

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There is also a book within the hadith of Bukhari titled ‘Virtues of Medina’. The Meccans, although substantially outnumbering the Muslims, promptly broke and ran. For other uses, see Medina disambiguation.

Medina Bus Transport finds the route to the nearest bus stop and al-Masjid an-Nabawi. InAbu Sufyan, who paid tax to the Byzantine empire regularly, once macina led a Meccan force against Medina. According to Ibn Ishaqthe local pagan Arab tribes, the Muslim Muhajirun from Mecca, the local Muslims Ansarand the Jewish population of the area signed an agreement, the Constitution of Medinawhich committed all parties to mutual co-operation under the leadership of Muhammad.

Retrieved 17 January In retaliation for this attack Abu Sufyan requested an armed force maka Mecca. Muslims believe that the chronologically 4l surahs of the Quran were revealed to Muhammad in Medina, and are called Medinan surahs in contrast to the earlier Meccan surahs.

The nature of this document as recorded by Ibn Ishaq and transmitted by Ibn Hisham is the subject of dispute among modern Western historians, many of whom maintain that this “treaty” is possibly a collage of different agreements, oral rather than written, of different dates, and that it is not clear exactly when they were made.


Some members of the Banu Aus now interceded on behalf of their old allies and Muhammad agreed to the appointment of one of their chiefs, Sa’d ibn Mua’dhas judge. As the battle heated up, the Meccans were forced to somewhat retreat. It is where the command was sent to Muhammad to change the direction of prayer qibla from Jerusalem to Mecca, according to a hadith.

For this reason, there are large green areas amidst a dry mountainous region.

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Battle of the Trench. Thus, ambushed in the plain between the hill and the front line, the archers were systematically slaughtered, watched upon by their desperate comrades who stayed behind up in the hill, shooting arrows to thwart the raiders, but to little effect. The Battle of Badr was a key battle in the early days of Islam and a turning point in Muhammad’s struggle with his opponents among the Quraysh in Mecca.

At the city’s heart is al-Masjid an-Nabawi ‘The Prophet’s Mosque’which is the burial place of the Islamic prophetMuhammadand it is one of maddina two holiest cities in Islamthe other being Mecca. The rebuilt city is centred maduna the vastly expanded al-Masjid an-Nabawi.

Because the people of Medina had dug a trench to further protect the city, this event became known as the Battle of the Trench. Of its four gates, the Bab-al-Salamor Egyptian gate, was remarkable for its beauty.